“Santalum Album” from India is one of the oldest known perfume materials but is now an endangered species which demand cannot be met. It is used all over the East in traditional incense and perfume yet most of the production goes to chewing tobacco. Australia is the main alternative source and will become the first Santalum Album producer worldwide by 2018. Commercially valuable sandalwood oil requires the trees to be a at least 15 years old to be harvested. The oil is generally steam distilled from the heartwood and roots of the tree. Its distinctive scent is warm, smooth, delicately smoky and milky.